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Relativity

In the interest of putting American interference in foreign conflicts into perspective, death tolls from some of the bloodiest conflicts of the 20th century are printed below. The statistics are contentious and should be considered a rough guideline. An incredible bibliography of the deaths attributable to armed conflict of the 20th cencury has been prepared by Matthew White at: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstats.htm

Second World War (1937-45)
Total - 50 million deaths

35 million Hitler
4 to 6 million Stalin
14 million Japan
500,000 to 1 million Allies
200,000 Mussolini
500,000 Yugoslavia
500,000 Romania
plus 2 million Germans expelled from East Europe after WW2

People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong's regime (1949-1975)
Total - 35 to 45 million deaths

2 million purges
30 million Great Leap Forward
500,000 Cultural Revolution
500,000 to 1 million ethnic minorities, primarily Tibetan
15 to 20 million labor camps

Stalin's regime (1924-53)
Total - 20 to 30 million deaths

7 million destroying the peasantry
12 million labor camps
1 million excuted during and after WW2

First World War (1914-18)
Total - 15 million deaths

8.5 million military deaths
9 to 13 million civilian deaths

Russian Civil War (1917-22)
Total - 10 to 12 million deaths

500,000 to 2 million military deaths
8 to 10 million civilian deaths

Chinese Civil War (1945-49)
Total 1 to 3 million deaths

Congo Free State (1886-1908)
5 to 8 million deaths
colonial brutality

Mexican Revolution (1910-20)
500,000 to 2 million deaths

Armenian Massacres (1915-23)
1 to 1.5 million deaths

China, Warlord Era (1917-28)
1 million deaths
plus 6 million deaths through famine

China, Nationalist Era (1928-37)
1 million deaths
plus 6 million deaths through famine

Korean War (1950-53)
1.5 million deaths
includes North and South Korean and US fatalities

North Korea (1948-present)
500,000 to 2 million deaths
war and famine

Rwanda and Burundi (1959-95)
500,000 to 1.5 million deaths

Ethiopia (1962-92)
500,000 to 1.5 million deaths
war and famine

Second Indochina War - America/Vietnam War (1960-75)
1.5 to 2.5 million deaths
plus 500,000 to 1 million in Cambodia and Laos

Nigeria (1966-70)
1 to 2 million deaths
coup and Biafran War

Bangladesh (1971)
1 to 3 million deaths

Cambodia, Khmer Rouge (1975-1978)
1 to 2 million deaths

Mozambique (1975-1993)
up to 1 million deaths

Afghanistan (1979-present)
1 to 2 million deaths

Iran-Iraq War (1980-88)
1 million deaths
300,000 Iraqis/600,000 Iranians

Sudan (1983-present)
500,000 to 1.5 million deaths

Kinshasa Congo (1998-present)
1.5 to 2.5 million deaths

Other major 20th century conflicts with less than 1 million deaths are listed chronologically below:

Philippines Insurgency (1899-1902)
Total 300,000 deaths
250,000 Filippino civillians
25,000 Filippino military
5,000 US military

Brazil (1900-present)
50,000 to 500,000 deaths
Indian tribes decimated

Amazonia (1900-12)
250,000 deaths
rubber plantation workers

French Colonies (1900-40)
200,000 to 800,000 deaths
colonial brutality

Russo-Japanese War (1904-05)
80,000 to 150,000 deaths

German East Africa (1905-07)
200,000 to 300,000 deaths

Libya (1911-31)
100,000
resistance to Italian rule

Balkan Wars (1912-13)
60,000 to 160,000 deaths

Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
50,000 deaths

Turkey (1925-28)
up to 200,000 deaths
Kurdish uprising (propaganda?)

Spanish Civil War (1936-39)
250,000 to 350,000 deaths

Abyssinian Conquest (1935-41)
150,000 deaths
Italian colonial conflict

Yugoslavia, Tito's Regime (1944-80)
100,000 to 200,000 deaths

First Indochina War (1945-54)
300,000 to 600,000 deaths
Vietnam throws off French colonial rule

Colombia (1946-58)
200,000 deaths

India (1947)
500,000 deaths
India and Pakistan seperate

Romania (1948-89)
100,000 deaths
communist rule

Burma/Myanmar (1948-present)
100,000 to 150,000
military rule

Algeria (1954-62)
50,000 to 250,000 deaths
French colonial struggle

Sudan (1955-72)
200,000 to 500,000 deaths

Guatemala (1960-1996)
200,000 deaths

Indonesia (1965-66)
500,000 to 1 million deaths

Uganda, Idi Amin's regime (1972-79)
300,000 deaths deaths

Vietnam, post-war Communist regime (1975-present)
400,000 to 500,000 deaths

Angola (1975-95)
500,000 deaths
civil war

East Timor (1975-99)
200,000 deaths
Indonesian occupation

Lebanon (1975-90)
100,000 deaths
struggle with Palestinians

Cambodian Civil War (1978-91)
250,000 deaths

Uganda (1979-87)
300,000 deaths
civil war

Kurdistan (1980s, 1990s)
100,000 to 200,000 deaths

Iraq (1990-present)
350,000 to 500,000
US bombing and sanctions

Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-95)
250,000 deaths

Somalia (1991-present)
350,000 deaths

Zaire (Dem. Rep. Congo), Civil War (1997)
250,000 deaths

It's worth keeping in mind the 15 to 30 million Africans who died in the Atlantic slave trade (1450-1870) and 15 to 30 million Amerindians killed by disease and colonial genocide in the founding of the United States.

Alphabetical listing of wars http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstatx.htm
The big three
Mao's death toll
Black Book of Communism
Failure of communism in Russia
Russian death toll